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RECENT STUDIES

Efficacy of an HIV Prevention Program Among Female Adolescents Experiencing Gender-Based Violence

The efficacy of an HIV prevention program was evaluated with a random sample of African American female adolescents who reported a history of gender-based violence. The intervention, which emphasized ethnic and gender pride, provided information on HIV, condom attitudes, healthy relationships, communication, and condom use skills. Adolescents who received the intervention reported more safe sex practices including using condoms more consistently, reduced incidents of unprotected vaginal sex, more likely to have used a condom during their most recent intercourse, less likely to have a new sexual partner, less likely to have a sexually transmitted disease, and more proficient condom practices compared to adolescents who did not receive the intervention.

See full article at American Journal of Public Health. June, 2006. Volume 96(6):1085-90 or online at www.ajph.org.

Infants born to mothers who experienced physical domestic violence during their most recent pregnancy more than twice as likely to die

According to a new study by Dr. Ahmed and colleagues published in the August, 2006 issue of the American Journal of Public Health, infants born to mothers who experienced physical domestic violence during their most recent pregnancy were more than twice as likely to die in the first months of life compared to infants of nonbattered mothers. Nearly 1 in 5 women experienced physical abuse by their husband during their most recent pregnancy based on husbands' self-disclosures of whether they had physically hit, slapped, or kicked their wives. These results come from a population-based survey of 2199 women in Uttar Pradesh, India. It is estimated that 1 in 5 stillbirths and neonatal deaths could be prevented if domestic violence during pregnancy was eliminated. Available online at www.ajph.org/current.shtml.

RESOURCES

Patient-Centered Guide to Implementing Language Access Services in Healthcare Organizations

A Patient-Centered Guide to Implementing Language Access Services in Healthcare Organizations is now available from OMH. The guide is intended to help healthcare organizations implement effective language access services to meet the needs of their limited-English-proficient patients, and increase their access to health care.
For more information go to: http://www.omhrc.gov/templates/content.aspx? ID=4375&lvl=2&lvlID=107

Incorporating Youth Development Principles into Adolescent Health Programs: A Guide for State-Level Practitioners and Policy Makers

The Healthy People 2010 National Initiative to Improve Adolescent health by 2010 released a new Guide for States and Communities. The guide takes a youth development approach and practitioners and policy makers are urged to have a focus on the strengths and developmental needs of adolescents rather than just their risks and health adverse behaviors. State-funded programs can find relevancy in the paper although it is specific to addressing youth development in state adolescent programs.
See full paper: http://www.forumfyi.org/Files/AdolescentHealth.pdf

Making the Connection: Domestic Violence and Public Health

How can we engage public health leaders to respond to family violence? The Family Violence Prevention Fund has developed a tool (on CD with an accompanying guidebook) that makes the connection between family violence and leading public health concerns and presents effective strategies for responding. This evidence-based tool offers the most relevant research on family violence, implications for select public health programs, recommended clinical and policy strategies, promising practices and resources from around the country.  To place your order, click here: http://fvpfstore.stores.yahoo.net/macodoviandp.html

National Research Plan on Addressing Health Disparities

A new report, Examining the Health Disparities Research Plan of the National Institutes of Health: Unfinished Business, provides an assessment of the National Institutes of Health Strategic Research Plan and Budget to Reduce and Ultimately Eliminate Health Disparities.  Observations and recommendations are provided on defining and measuring health disparities, the development and availability of the strategic plan including budget and finances, the National Center on Minority Health and Health Disparities, and the Health Disparities Research Program.  The executive summary is available at http://www.nap.edu

How Schools Can Help Students Recover from Traumatic Experiences

This paper identifies programs which support students who display behavioral and physiological changes that result from exposure to trauma such as violence, abuse, natural disasters and acts of terrorism. The programs’ goals are to provide advocacy and support to promote long term healing and recovery based on the traumas they experienced.
See full paper: http://www.rand.org/pubs/working_papers/WR377/

Where Women Have no Doctor Available Online

The 2006 edition of Where Women Have No Doctor provides comprehensive self-help health information that can be accessed online.  Developed by health care experts and community-based groups from over 30 countries, this resource promotes an understanding of how poverty, discrimination, and culture contribute to health disparities among women and has been translated into more than 20 languages.  Topics included in the 2006 edition are HIV/AIDS, older women and refugees, sex workers, sexual assault and intimate partner violence.  Available online at http://www.hesperian/org/publications_download.php#wwhnd

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