The findings from rigorous evaluation studies that were presented at the Fifth National Conference on Health and Domestic Violence signaled significant progress in addressing gaps in our knowledge and advancing the research agenda on domestic violence. Presentations on studies using randomized controlled trial and quasi-experimental study designs included:
Domestic Violence Enhanced Home Visitation Project (DOVE)
Drs. Phyllis Sharps and Linda Bullock are conducting a randomized controlled trial of a community nurse home visitation program that is designed to reduce intimate partner violence (IPV) against pregnant women. The study population is pregnant women currently experiencing IPV. The intervention group receives three prenatal and three postpartum home visits by a community health nurse. These services are being evaluated in urban and rural settings using home visitors with a variety of educational backgrounds including a small sample of subjects participating in the Family Nurse Partnership program. Research follow-up of mothers and infants will continue until the infant is two years old.
The Fifth National Conference on Health and Domestic Violence closed with a plenary session on prevention. The moderator, Dr. James Mercy with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, announced that the National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Surveillance System (NISVSS) will begin collecting data with a random-digit-dial telephone survey in fall, 2009. The NISVSS will provide national- and state-level data that will help to inform prevention efforts.